How to Create a “Minecraft” Server: Your Complete Game Guide
By setting up a Minecraft server, you can basically create your own version of the game with unique rules and an exclusive community of your choice.
Once you control one of these private networks, you will be able to manage things like game time, map layout, and who will play with you.
Popular examples include the “Autcraft” server, designed to be a safe place for children with autism, and the “Build the Earth” server, an ongoing project to build a 1: 1 scale model of our system. planet in-game. Then there is the infamous “anarchy server” 2b2t, which allows the use of cheats and enforces virtually no restrictions.
There are endless possibilities in terms of what you can do once you’ve created your own server, but getting to this point in the first place can be quite daunting. It’s not as easy as finding a dedicated option in the main menu, and you’ll have to work a bit instead.
If you are ready to take the required steps, this guide will walk you through what you need to do.
How to make a ‘Minecraft’ server
If you just want the short version of how to make a Minecraft Server, these are the main features.
- Check that your PC meets the system requirements
- Make sure you have the latest version of Java
- Download the server software from the official Minecraft website and store it somewhere on your desktop
- Create a Windows batch file to start the server. Use the following command format for this: “java -Xmx1024M -Xms1024M – [insert server name] nogui “
- Start the Windows batch file
- Accept the End User License Agreement (EULA)
- Double-click on the Windows batch file you created earlier, open Minecraft and head to the multiplayer tab. From there, click on “Direct Connection” and type “localhost” into the search bar.
For a more detailed breakdown of each of these steps, continue reading below.
Step 1: Check the system requirements
It’s all well and good to download the server software and create batch files, but if your PC isn’t up to the task, your efforts will be totally wasted.
It is quite possible to host and play a server using the exact same machine, but it will have to be powerful enough. This means that you’ll want to use a desktop computer (rather than a laptop, for example) that meets the system requirements stated on the official Minecraft site. In particular, it is important that you have enough RAM, GPUs, and disk space.
It probably goes without saying, but you should have Minecraft installed too.
Step 2: Get the latest version of Java
Before you start downloading the server software, you need to do one final preparation.
Namely, you need to make sure that the latest version of Java is installed on your PC, as it is the programming language that Minecraft uses.
To do this, open the Control Panel application on your PC, navigate to “Programs and Features” and look for the Java icon. Once you find it, select the update tab and click “Update Now”.
If you can’t find Java in Control Panel at all, you’ll have to download it from scratch here.
Step 3: Download the Java edition Minecraft Server software
Once you have completed the first two steps, you can now start configuring your Minecraft server.
To get started, you will need to download the appropriate software. There are several sources for this online but, for cybersecurity reasons, we recommend that you obtain it directly from Mojang Studios themselves on the Minecraft website.
Click on the link you see on this page to download the “server.jar” file. Chances are your web browser is trying to warn you that the file is suspicious. For example, on Google Chrome it will say “This type of file can damage your computer”.
This is not a cause for alarm, as it is simply because your browser cannot check for this unusual download. Please be assured that the file is from a reliable source (the Minecraft website), so it’s perfectly legitimate.
Click “Keep” (or the equivalent on your browser), then make sure the file is stored in an easily accessible location. You don’t want it lying around in your downloads folder because the rest of this process will just get messy.
Step 4: Create a Windows batch file
This is where things start to get a bit tricky.
You will need to create a Windows batch file to launch your Minecraft server and that it works as well as possible.
To do this, go to the folder where you stored the “server.jar” file then create a new text document. This will eventually become your Windows batch file, but don’t worry just yet.
Name the new text document something easily recognizable, such as “run.txt” or “server_start.txt”, then open it.
In this text document, you will need to copy and paste the following command:
java -Xmx1024M -Xms1024M -jar server.jar nogui
If you are interested in the meaning of each of these elements, we have detailed it for you in a glossary below. Otherwise, if you can’t wait to continue, just save the text document and skip to step 5.
- Java: It just means that you are using a Java server.
- Xms1024M -Xmx1024M: this is the number of megabytes of RAM you want to allocate to the server. You can change this number if you wish
- Pot: The server file you downloaded is a jar file
- Server.jar: This is the name of the server file you downloaded earlier. It is important to make sure this bit is correct otherwise the command will not work. So just check that your server file is called the same thing.
- Nogui: This disables Minecraft’s graphical user interface (GUI), which means the server can only be interacted with from your terminal.
Step 5: Launch the Windows batch file
Once you have configured this text document, you will then need to convert it to a Windows batch file.
The easiest way to do this is to find the text document in your folder, right click on it and select “rename”.
From there edit the “.txt”. extension in “.bat”. For example, if it was originally called “server_start.txt”, now you want it to be called “server_start.bat”.
You might get a warning that the file might become unusable if you make this change, but don’t worry about it.
When you double click on this newly created Windows batch file, it will try to run your server. However, it won’t work right away, as you still need to agree to the End User License Agreement (EULA).
Step 6: Accept the EULA
Your server will continuously fail to launch until you agree to the EULA (which can be read in full here).
You should notice that once you opened your Windows batch file, a few more files were generated in the associated folder. One of them is the EULA agreement.
Open that text document, then look at the bottom. Here there is a section that reads “eula = false”. To accept the EULA, you must modify it to say “eula = true”.
Save your changes, then double-click the Windows batch file again. This time your server should start successfully.
Step 7: Join the server
With your Minecraft server now operational, you should be able to join it. As the host, you will have to do this in a slightly different way.
Open Minecraft on your PC and select the “Multiplayer” tab. From there, click the “Direct Connection” button at the bottom of the screen, then type “localhost” into the server address search bar. Finally, click on “join server” and you will then be in the game.
If you want your friends to be able to join the server, you will need to enable port forwarding. More detailed instructions on how to do this side of things can be found here.
Minecraft is available now on PC, Xbox One, Xbox Series X / S, PS4, PS5, and even Nintendo Switch.